Gum depigmentation (aka gum bleaching) is a procedure used in cosmetic dentistry to remove black spots or patches on the gums caused by excessive melanin.
The normal color of the gum tissue (gingiva) is pink, but excess deposits of melanin (melanin gingival hyperpigmentation) can create what seem to be black spots or patches on the gums, creating an aesthetic or cosmetic problem. Discolouration may also be caused by long term use of certain medications. A clinical assessment is carried out to customize the treatment to the patients needs.
Melanocytes are cells which reside in the basal layer of the gingival epithelium. These cells produce melanin, which are pigments that cause discoloration or dark spots in gums. A dental laser can target and ablate the melanocytes, thus reducing the production of melanin in the gingival tissue. Following laser depigmentation, the gingiva heals by secondary intention. This results in a lighter and more uniform color of the gums
Depigmentation of gums with laser is also commonly called as laser gum bleaching and is an effective, safe and fast way to properly treat gum tissue discoloration. This technique targets and ablate the melanocytes, which are the cells that produce melanin and cause the depigmentation, therefore reducing the possibility of melanin production in the Gingival tissue.
Gum discoloration treatment with laser is an effective way to ensure pink gums. The procedure itself can be done in a few minutes, therefore eliminating the nervous time a patient will have in the dentist office.
The treatment procedure is also safe as long as protective measures were properly observed. The use of laser also decreases the chances of causing further damage to the gum tissue and the surrounding area.
Another good thing about using laser technology in removing the dark spots on the gum areas is that it minimizes the possibility of bleeding and tissue damage, therefore providing for a better and faster recovery.
The best advantage of laser gum bleaching is that it results to healthy and beautiful smile. You wouldn’t need to be embarrassed every time you open your mouth because you will be confident in the knowledge that you will be giving out the best smile you can project.